At the end of the 15th century a new landscape was finally revealed to Europe, it was considered a Terra Incognita which needed to be represented. The graphic visualisation of America was a vital task in order to understand a land that offered the beginning of a new life. One of the emerging territories of America was the viceroyalty of the Spanish Colonial Empire, better known as New Spain. Its capital was Mexico City, formerly Tenochtitlan, capital of the Aztec Empire. The contemporary national state of Mexico (The United Mexican States) is witnessing a gradual appearance of new human-made habitats (urban and rural) through its territory. The patterns of living and working within these new geographies will define the development of Mexico in the coming decades. One of the purposes of this research is to formulate a cartographic experience to interpret the sustainability of the emerging territories of Mexico in the 21st century.